At the time of framing charge or taking cognizance the accused has no right to produce any material
State of Orissa vs Debendra Nath Padhi
Appeal (crl.) 497 of 2001; 2005(1)ACR71(SC); AIR2005SC359; 2005((1))ALT(Cri)198; 2005(1)ALT(Cri)1198
About/from the judgment:
If the accused succeeds in producing any reliable material at the stage of taking cognizance or framing of charge which might fatally affect even the very sustainability of the case, it is unjust to suggest that no such material should be looked into by the court at that stage. It was held that the object of providing an opportunity to the accused of making submissions as envisaged is to enable the court to decide whether it is necessary to proceed to conduct the trial.
If under Section 227, what is necessary and relevant is only the record produced in terms of Section 173 of the Code, the accused cannot at that stage invoke Section 91 to seek production of any document to show his innocence. Under Section 91, summons for production of document can be issued by Court and under a written order an officer in charge of police station can also direct production thereof. Section 91 does not confer any right on the accused to produce document in his possession to prove his defence. Section 91 presupposes that when the document is not produced process may be initiated to compel production thereof.
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