Accused not entitled to bail solely on the ground that she is a woman

Sushma Rani Vs State of Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh HC


CrMP(M) No. 1338 of 2018

About/from the judgment:

"It is discretion of the Court to decide the bail application of a woman after considering the facts and circumstances of the case."


The High Court has observed that an accused is not entitled to bail solely on the ground that she is a woman.


The court was dealing with the contention raised in a bail application filed by Sushma Rani, who was accused of murdering her husband, that she is a woman of young age of 26 years and keeping in view the principles incorporated under Section 437 of the Criminal Procedure Code, she is entitled to be treated differently and deserves to be enlarged on bail. It was submitted that she is behind the jail since 20th July, 2016 and now, majority of witnesses have been examined.


The counsel for the accused relied on two judgments of the High Court viz. Nirmala Devi versus State of H.P. and Rita Devi versus State of H.P. In this regard, the bench said:

"There is no quarrel with the ratio of law discussed in Nirmala Devi and Rita Devi's cases (supra), but such principles are to be applied by considering the facts and circumstances of each and every case which normally are not identical in two different criminal cases."


The court agreed with observations of Additional Sessions Judge, who while denying bail to the accused had observed that it is discretion of the Court to decide the bail application of a woman after considering the facts and circumstances of the case.. The court also observed that provisions contained in Sections 437 and 438 Cr.P.C., can also be taken into consideration at the time of considering the bail under Section 439 Cr.P.C. The court said:

"In fact, Section 437 Cr.P.C. refrains the Courts other than the High Court or Court of Session, from releasing a person accused of, or suspect of the commission of any non bailable offence. who, is arrested or detained without warrant, or appears, or is brought before such Court and there appears reasonable ground for believing that he is guilty of an offence punishable with death, or imprisonment, for life. However, an exception has been carved out enabling such Court to release such a person on bail, in case such person is under the age of 16 years, or is a woman, or is sick, or infirm, with further provision that no such person shall be released without giving an opportunity of hearing to the Public Prosecutor, which means that the persons under the age of 16 years, or woman, or sick, or infirm, are not to be released in all cases, but after considering the facts and circumstances brought in the notice of the Court by the Public Prosecutor. Therefore, solely on the ground that the petitioner is a woman, she is not entitled for bail."


The bench then proceeded to examine other facts of the case and held that the accused is entitled to bail. It said:

"It is true that the marriage of petitioner and deceased Sohan Singh was solemnized in April, 2016 and he was murdered in July, 2016 and relation of husband and wife are based on faith upon each other and after parents, it is only the spouse with whom one feels utmost security and breach of such faith is definitely a heinous crime that too, to the extent of causing murder of spouse. But at the same time, it is also fact that this allegation is subject to scrutiny of prosecution evidence on record and under trial detention should not be used as conviction before the trial. Keeping in view entire facts and circumstances and evidence connecting the petitioner with commission of offence, which are yet to be established by the prosecution, coupled with the fact that she is a woman of young age, she can be treated differently from the co-accused Rajesh Kumar."

Read the Judgment

Knowledge and content of about almost all their respective descriptions are borrowed from law-related blogs and websites, we, therefore, wish to give proper credit to all the respective law-related blogs and websites like LiveLaw, Bar and Bench, LatestLaws, PathLegal, FirstLaw, Lawctopus, IndianKanoon, Manupatra, LegallyIndia etc.. Many of the judgments are also taken from them websites of Hon'ble Supreme Court and other respective Hon'ble High Courts!

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